Amidst all the issues of nuclear power, the Covid-19 pandemic has struck down the powerful nations and the whole world. Lockdowns have made all our lives standstill. But this can not go on because the world can’t run with the whole population sitting at home. To get rid of this contagious disease, and live our everyday lives again, doing an antigen test near me and vaccination is vital. But what is the status of its development? Is it ready to deliver to the mass people?
Read on, to find out because we have jotted the important points here.
Process of developing a solution
Creating a functional coronavirus cure can take an average of ten years. Like the other, trials are only a part of its development. There are six stages.
- Animal Trial
- Human Trial
- Need approval from government & international health organizations.
- Mass Production.
What are the levels of development?
Phase 1 was when clinic lab scientists in China discovered the genome sequence of it and made it public. Scientists in other countries have already found the genome sequence too. Many countries like the UK, USA, China, Germany, and Canada have created inoculation. For the urgency of starting one, many companies skipping animal processes in stage 3 because of the lack of time. Now scientists have entered level 4 and have begun human examinations. In this, there are also three levels.
The 1st one is for safety, to see if it is safe for humans. If it has any negative issues or shows any adverse effect on the human body, it would not go to the next part. The 2nd is for efficacy. In this, scientists observe how effective the vaccine is against the illness. The 3rd one is for expansion and the experiment on a larger scale of people.
Aside from doing an Antigen test near me, many countries have started human trials of it since April, and currently, most of the tests are in 1st step, which is a safety procedure. In this, a group of 30-40 people is given shots, and they are under observation for three months. If it doesn’t have any adverse effects, and those people aren’t affected by the disease. Then it will enter the second level and will release it to more people for observation.
China conducted the 1st successful test on animals. PiCoVacc, a cure made by Beijing-based Sinovac Biotech. They claimed that this had proved its effectiveness in Rhesus Macaques, a kind of monkey that originated in India. This has been undergoing human examination since mid-April,2020. The researchers from Oxford University confirmed in May 2020 that they moved into phase 2 and recruited over 10,000 people to examine for the possible cure.
Moreover, the university developed a vaccine called ChAdOx1. They confirmed that this had shown promising results in a small group of monkeys. Additionally, nurses tried their 1st step in April 2020 with over 1000 healthy adult people, all aged over 50. While in their 2nd phase, they assess how the immune system will respond among different groups because it will help a lot in finding a cure for Covid-19 with the help of a test to release.