Iron deficiency test is considered one of the most common deficiencies exams globally and the most widespread cause of anaemia. If you experience it, you can counteract it with a targeted change in your diet or with the help of supplements.

It plays an important role in blood formation and the transport of oxygen in the blood. If there is insufficient in the body, you may experience the so-called iron deficiency anaemia.

This article will teach you how to get the profile tests you need from your vegetarian or vegan diet. For Iron profile Testing, you will also read about the causes of deficiency, how it manifests itself and is determined, the usefulness of food supplements and why you should not take iron based on a simple suspicion.

Where is it to be found?

It is part of the group of essential trace minerals. The body itself cannot produce essential trace minerals. We must absorb them through nutrition.

The human body contains an average of four/five grams of it. It is present in different forms. Twenty-five per cent comprises iron storage, such as ferritin, which the body uses, among other things, to store it in the liver and bone marrow. Three per cent is contained in the transport protein transferrin, used to transport iron through the blood. Much of it in the body is bound to the red blood pigment haemoglobin. 

What is it used for?

Every cell in our body requires iron. It helps transport oxygen and form blood in the body. Without it, less haemoglobin would be produced. Haemoglobin carries inhaled oxygen from the lungs to the entire body. Cells need oxygen to carry out their metabolic processes. This is how it provides us with energy. The trace element also transports carbon dioxide into the lungs and oxygen into muscle cells. 

It also strengthens the skin, hair and nails and is involved in the immune system and the smooth progress of pregnancy.

Symptoms of iron deficiency in anaemia

Deficiency is one of the most common issues in the world. According to the Ministry of Health, one-third of the Italian population has low reserves. Deficiency can lead to anaemia. This anaemia is normally accompanied by distinct symptoms such as paleness, weakness, and hair loss. The elderly, pregnant women, vegans and vegetarians, as well as people with gastrointestinal problems, are risk groups. 

What is the iron requirement?

The amount you need depends on your gender and age. Men should consume ten milligrams per day and women 15 milligrams. Women have a greater need due to menstruation, as they also lose it with the blood.

Pregnant women need 30 milligrams, and breastfeeding women need 20 milligrams daily. Starting from menopause, women reduce their needs. 

The US National Institute of Health offers similar recommendations, advising vegetarians to multiply the recommended daily intake by 1.8 

Risk groups: Who is at high risk of iron test results?

Some people are susceptible to deficiency 5,9 for various reasons such as 10–12:

Pregnant and breastfeeding women need it more: blood is necessary for the baby to be born, and then for breast milk;

older adults, in some cases, may suffer from a lack of appetite and chewing problems, thus causing a lack of nutrients;

Vegetarians and vegans do not consume foods of animal origin, which the body can absorb very well;

People who suffer from chronic gastrointestinal disorders often do not absorb it appropriately;

Professional athletes have a higher requirement and often follow a low-iron diet.

If you belong to one of the risk groups, it would be best to check your daily supply with an iron test. You should not take any iron supplements before a laboratory test. Otherwise, you can run the risk of excess and hemochromatosis.

Deficiency symptoms

If you do not have enough in your body, the trace element may no longer perform its important function: supplying oxygen to cells. Cells that do not receive enough oxygen produce less energy, and their function is limited.

If the brain doesn’t get enough oxygen, concentration problems and fatigue can occur. Other symptoms of a deficiency are:

  • Hair loss,
  • Brittle nails, 
  • Chapped corners of the mouth;
  • Weakness, 
  • Reduced performance, 
  • Headache;
  • Iron deficiency anaemia.   

Anaemia and hair loss

A possible consequence of a deficiency test is hair loss. It plays a vital role in blood formation; hair needs a lot of blood. If the body’s blood supply isn’t working properly, it will reduce blood flow to places it isn’t needed for survival, including the hair. If the hair does not receive enough blood, it begins to fall out. 

Scientific results

The good news is that you can prevent hair loss by taking the correct supplement. A 2002 study showed that participants increased their levels (ferritin level) from 33 to 89 milligrams per litre over an average of six months. At the same time, their hair loss was reduced by 39 per cent.   

It’s easy to tell about: your body consumes more than it receives, and reserves are depleted. Possible causes are blood loss, a low diet, and an increased need, for example, during pregnancy or in competitive sports.

Iron deficiency test anaemia is the most common cause of anaemia. It is responsible for about 50 per cent of anaemia cases. Haemoglobin is not produced in sufficient quantities. For this reason, blood can only transport oxygen through the body to a limited extent.