Cholesterol is the waxy, fat-like liquid that your liver produces naturally. It helps in the formation of certain hormones, vitamin D, and cell membranes. Cholesterol is a type of lipid. High cholesterol can be dangerous. Especially in diabetic patients. Therefore, they should frequently take cholesterol and diabetes test.
High cholesterol increases with age and can lead to heart attacks, strokes, and other health problems. Especially after a coronavirus infection, the levels might increase substantially. Therefore, it is important to take a PCR test to detect infection. Cholesterol is insoluble in water, so it can’t travel through your blood. But the liver produces lipoproteins to help transport the cholesterol.
What are Lipoproteins?
Particles made from fat and protein are known as lipoproteins. These lipoproteins help to transport cholesterol and triglycerides through your bloodstream. There are two forms of lipoproteins; low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein. In patients with hyperglycemia, there is a huge gap between the levels of these lipoproteins. A diabetes test can help to detect the sugar levels and the medication thereafter.
Without adequate and early treatment, high cholesterol can lead to several health problems. These can also lead to stroke and heart attack. Usually, high cholesterol doesn’t show symptoms and that’s why you should get your cholesterol levels checked regularly.
If you have high sugar levels along with high cholesterol then it can damage your organs. It can damage internal organs as well as external organs like ears.
HDL cholesterol (Good Cholesterol)
High-density lipoprotein, HDL, is sometimes referred to good cholesterol. It helps transport LDL cholesterol to your liver to be eliminated from your body. This helps to prevent cholesterol plaque from building up in your arteries. When your levels of HDL cholesterol are healthy, it can help lower your risk of blood clots, heart disease, and stroke.
If have plans to go for a long trip abroad then you should get your cholesterol levels checked. You are not fit to fly if you have high cholesterol and sugar levels.
LDL cholesterol (Bad Cholesterol)
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is also called bad cholesterol. It transports cholesterol to your arteries. If your levels of LDL cholesterol are high, it can build up on the walls of your arteries.
This buildup is known as cholesterol plaque. This plague can narrow your arteries, limit your blood flow, and raise your risk of blood clots. When a blood clot obstructs an artery in your heart or brain, it can cause a stroke or heart attack.
Many coronavirus patients witness an increase in LDL and sugar levels. PCR tests confirmed the infection accurately.
This is another type of lipid. They’re different from cholesterol. Our body uses cholesterol to make cells and certain hormones. It makes use of triglycerides as a source of energy.
It has been found in diabetic patients that their triglycerides are elevated. A diabetes test can confirm the level of sugar and it can be matched with the level of triglycerides in the body. When you take more calories than your body can use immediately, it converts those calories into triglycerides. It stores triglycerides in your fat cells. Our body also uses lipoproteins to circulate triglycerides through our bloodstream.
Visit your health care provider for a simple blood test to measure your triglyceride level, as well as your cholesterol levels.
What are the Causes of High Cholesterol?
Regular food intake that is high in cholesterol increases the chances of developing high cholesterol. Some lifestyle factors can also contribute to high cholesterol such as living a sedentary lifestyle and smoking.
A bad diet can lead to high cholesterol and sugar levels. This can severely increase your risk of heart attack or stroke. You are not fit to fly until you have these levels checked and controlled.
Oftentimes, your genes can also affect your chances of developing high cholesterol. Certain genes play a role in your body to determine how the body processes cholesterol and fats. If your parents have high cholesterol, there’s a chance you’ll have it too. Heredity plays a major role in cancer, ear deformities, asthma, and other diseases.
In other uncommon cases, familial hypercholesterolemia causes high cholesterol. It is a genetic disorder that prevents your body from removing LDL. Other health conditions, such as hyperglycemia and hypothyroidism, may also increase your risk of developing high cholesterol. It can also cause other related complications.
What are the Complications of High Cholesterol?
Without getting treatment immediately, high cholesterol can cause plaque to build up in your arteries. This plaque can narrow your arteries and leads to atherosclerosis. In fact, Atherosclerosis is a condition that can limit the flow of blood through your arteries. It also raises your chances of developing dangerous blood clots.
Many patients have shown high cholesterol levels after coronavirus infection. PCR test detected the strain of virus but there has been no direct correlation established until now.
Other complications that can result from atherosclerosis include:
- Heart attack
- High blood pressure
- Chest pain
- Kidney disease
- Peripheral vascular disease
Also, high cholesterol can create a bile imbalance, raising your risk of having gallstones.
What are the Symptoms of High Cholesterol?
Unlike other health conditions, high cholesterol is doesn’t show obvious symptoms. Numerous people don’t even apprehend they have high cholesterol until serious complications occur, such as a heart attack or stroke. Moreover, people who travel frequently for business and other purposes ignore minor symptoms. And this proves to be fatal sometimes.
Therefore, you should always seek medical help from your doctor for a routine cholesterol screening. If you’re age 20 years or above, ask your doctor if you should have routine cholesterol screening.
High Cholesterol Risk Factors
There’s a high chance that you’ll also have high cholesterol if you:
- Are overweight
- Live a sedentary lifestyle
- Smoke tobacco
- Have a family member with high cholesterol, and
- Have diabetes, kidney disease, or hypothyroidism
How to lower cholesterol
If you have high cholesterol, there’s a high chance your doctor will likely suggest lifestyle changes to help lower it. For example, they may recommend changes to your diet, engaging in exercise, or other aspects of your daily routine. And if you smoke tobacco products, they will likely advise you to stop.
Your doctor may also recommend medicines or other treatments to help reduce your cholesterol levels. They may even refer you to a medical specialist for more care. If you are taking medicines for the ear, eye, or any other infection then you should tell to the doctor. This will definitely help the doctor to prescribe the right medicines that can be taken with the antibiotics or medicines you are using for the infection.
How to Diagnose High Cholesterol
To check your cholesterol levels, your doctor will use a simple blood test known as a lipid panel. They can utilize it to evaluate your levels of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglycerides. Some hours before the test, your doctor may ask you to avoid eating or drinking anything. You should always take a cholesterol test before you travel long distances for adventure sports. During this time your heart goes through a lot of stress and high cholesterol levels can be risky.
Avoid or limit the intake of saturated and trans fats in your diet, as well as added sugars. If you want to stay fit to fly then eat healthy food and keep control of your cholesterol levels.