COVID-19 has taken the world in its grasp and has led everyone to pray for their lives. An outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome has returned to the globe. After identifying worldwide, WHO officially declared the virus as a pandemic. When it first came, people were more afraid because we lacked test kits to check how many were infected. The primary cause of the spread has been due to mutual contact between two people. The virus can release by talking, sneezing, or coughing because it is considered to be air-borne. You can also catch it if you touch the same articles as an infected person. You can see the symptoms within the first three days of infection. Sometimes, some people might not show signs at all. Overcoming this position we’re in, diagnose, and monitor the spread rate with the help of PCR test.
What is the importance of medical options?
These kits are of immense importance because they help in the diagnosis of the Covid-19 disease. They are used at labs by the nurse to determine how many people are infected by this disease. As we know, diagnosis is 50% of the cure. Finding out the number of infected is a great way to implement extra care of them.
Detection through four types:
Medical options are present to diagnose this disease in infected people. Mostly, the function of these is to detect the presence of the virus in the human body. Although the infected person might show symptoms on his own. The well-known techniques which are known to testify:
- RT-PCR (Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction)
- LAMP (Loop-mediated isothermal amplification)
- LF/CGI (Lateral flow)
- ELISA (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay)
The Main Functions
These kits raise many questions, such as: How many kinds are there? What is the primary purpose of it? How does it diagnose? What is the need for them? Will the current condition improve because of them? Has it been examined on animals?
RT-PCR: The most widely used method to detect specific pathogens known as the PCR test. Fluorescent dyes diagnose the illness. In this method, the result is rapid and much more convenient than a regular trial.
LAMP: The simplest and most sensitive method to check the presence of the disease is via light. It is a reliable method because of its simplicity. The patient’s nose and throat are swabbed because the pathogen is found in these places. Positive results indicate the presence of the virus, while negative results suggest otherwise.
LATERAL FLOW: This checks the presence of antibodies in the blood of an infected patient. Through this, you can check the active presence of the pathogen. Positive Lateral flow indicates active infection.
ELISA: Above all methods, ELISA is a highly accurate method of testing COVID-19 because of its reliability. This highlights the antibodies. The change in colour due to the enzyme binding indicates the presence or absence of the virus.
Each of these four is unique because of a difference in TTR methods. They are all reliable in their particular ways and are not comparable to each other. These are diagnostic kits, and because of them, we can tackle Corona efficiently.