Cancer develops when cells in your body start to grow larger and out of control. After skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most prevalent cancer found in men. Identifying this condition early may delay metastasis and death that results from prostate cancer. In the early stages, surgery is an option. The patient requires proper post operation care in case of prostate cancer.
The prostate is a walnut-shaped secretory organ that is a section of the male reproductive system. It wraps around the male urethra. It produces the liquid that sustains and helps sperms to move. The risk of prostate cancer is related to age. Patients in the last stage of prostate cancer are not fit to fly.
Studies about Prostate
Research has shown that at least 1 out of 9 males will find prostate malignant growth in the latter part of their life. Routine screening is essential at the early stage of the disease. Early treatment, in the beginning, helps to keep the disease in check. Researches have yet to confirm the relationship between viral infection and prostate cancer. A PCR test is the most accurate way to detect viral infection.
Usually, there are no side effects of prostate cancer at the beginning phases. Therefore, it goes undetected easily. Levels of PSA are estimated in the blood through a test. Elevated levels of PSA are the best indicator of cancer. If you are above 40 and travel frequently then you should always take a PSA test every quarter.
Researches have concluded that there is no direct connection between prostate cancer and diabetes.
What are the Common Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?
Oftentimes, men may not notice the symptoms. However, as the cancer cells begin to grow bigger, so are the signs of discomfort. In the last stages, the patient is unable to live a normal life, may find lot many complications, and are not fit to fly in case of emergency.
Here are the Signs you’ll likely experience if you have prostate cancer:
- Painful urination
- Pain or discomfort when sitting, especially if the prostate has become larger
- Difficulty in getting or maintaining an erection
- Discomfort on discharge
- Frequent urination, especially in the evening. Such patients find it difficult to travel long distances.
- Blood in the semen or urine
If detected earlier, it can be removed with surgery. The patient requires less post operation care and can lead a normal healthy life.
Other symptoms of Prostrate cancer in the later stage include:
- Oedema or swelling in the legs and feet
- Back pain
- Pain in the bones, especially in the thighs, shoulder, and hips
- Weight gain or loss
If the patient suffers a viral infection during this period of time the symptoms become more painful. The condition might grow severe and the patient might suffer death. A PCR test can detect the type of virus and the severity of the infection.
What are the Causes of Prostate Cancer?
Similar to all types of cancer, the major cause of prostate cancer is yet to be determined. In some cases, several factors may be involved, including genetics and exposure to environmental toxins, like certain chemicals or radiation. As mentioned earlier there is indeed no direct correlation between diabetes or cardiovascular diseases with prostate cancer.
Usually, mutations in the DNA, or genetic material, may lead to the growth of cancerous cells. These mutations make cells in your prostate start growing large, uncontrollably, and abnormally.
In people with a severe type of prostate cancer, their cells may metastasize. They may leave the original tumor site and spread to other parts of the body. In such a condition the patient is not fit to fly.
What are the Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer?
Several factors may increase the chances of developing prostate cancer. These factors include age, race, geographical location, family history, and diet.
Age is a common factor that makes you susceptible to prostate cancer. About 66% of all prostate cancers are diagnosed in men age 65 and above. But the older you are, the less severe the disease is. But, older people require more post operation care.
Prostate cancer is common in about 60% of African-American men than in white American men. And the cancer is likely to be advanced when diagnosed. Fortunately, Japanese and African men living in their native countries have low chances of having prostate cancer.
Excess weight doesn’t seem to increase your risk of prostate cancer. But it could help in a more aggressive form of this cancer. Similar is the case with diabetes patients. Due to slow healing, they might find the symptoms aggravated.
Doctors often call these mutations. Since it runs in the blood, they fall in the category of risk factors you can’t control. The cancer code runs in families’ genes, but they only affect a small number of people. It increases the chances of breast and ovarian cancers in women and prostate cancer in some men.
Studies suggest that high dietary fat may lead to prostate cancer. Men with a high-fat diet tend to consume fewer fruits and vegetables. This condition is much more common in some countries where meat and dairy items make up a lot of the diet than in those where the major diet consists of rice, soybean products, and vegetables.
Treatment and precautions.
The doctor may check PSA blood levels regularly without starting treatment. Prostate cancer grows gradually, and the risk of side effects may exceed the need for prompt treatment. If you travel frequently and have no time to have a regular PSA test then watch the other symptoms. If you find them getting severe then it is the right time to take a PSA test.
A surgeon may carry out a prostatectomy. The cancer cells can be removed using either laparoscopic or through open surgery.
This includes brachytherapy. A doctor will implant radioactive material into the prostate to deliver targeted radiation treatment. Another option is conformal radiation therapy where the doctor targets a specific area, minimizing the risk to healthy tissue.
Most doctors do not suggest surgery in the later stages, as it does not cure cancer cells that have developed into other parts of the body. However, some specialists have proposed that it may benefit in some cases.
It is important to go for ordinary screening to identify the prostate disease as early as possible. That’s the best way to keep the disease in check.