What is Haemophilia?

Haemophilia is a disease in which there is no blood clot in the body and excessive bleeding starts. It is a genetic disease. It can also be passed from parent to their offspring. Men are more commonly affected by Haemophilia than women. Due to the chromosomes, the chances of this disease occurring in the blood relation increase. People with haemophilia have a reduced amount of protein in their blood, which is called a clotting factor. Such people can bleed even after a simple intramuscular injection or vaccines. The covid vaccine is intramuscular and therefore, precaution needs to be taken before administering it to a haemophilia patient. It is mandatory to take a test for everyone, including haemophilia patient, coming to the UK from a green or amber list country. This test can be ordered from any of the Government list of approved 2 & 8 providers. 

There are 2 types of haemophilia. They are Hemophilia-A which is a classic haemophilia or clotting factor VIII deficiency and another is Haemophilia-B which is Christmas disease or clotting factor IX deficiency. Factor VIII and Factor IX are important for blood clotting to occur. When the factors become excessively low, the disease of haemophilia can start. If you are suffering from haemophilia, bleeding may be continuous due to some reason or accident. Sometimes the problem can be serious if there is internal bleeding. It is a rare genetic disease and usually occurs in males. It would be better to contact the doctor for more details. The doctors will recommend a few tests before starting the treatment. 

Symptoms of Hemophilia

The symptoms of haemophilia depend on the condition of the blood clotting. Bleeding may increase after a cut, accident, surgery, or dental procedure. There can be deep or chronic wounds. The patient can bleed after vaccination. Symptoms of pain, swelling, or stiffness in the joints are common. Blood coming from stool or urine can happen in extreme cases. Apart from all these symptoms, there may be other symptoms.  If your child has frequent wounds and in such a situation if the bleeding is excessive, then it is important to contact the doctor. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or considering pregnancy and have a family history of haemophilia. If you are planning to take a test from the Government list of approved 2 & 8 providers then you don’t have to worry as it is a swab test and no injection is required. 

What causes Haemophilia? 

Each cell of the embryo is made up of 46 chromosomes, which are two separate pairs of 23 chromosomes. Two cells of 23 chromosomes come together to form an embryo and 46 pairs of the zygote are formed. Only then does it take the form of an embryo. In some cases, during cell division, an extra pair of chromosomes gets mixed with either pair of chromosomes. Here instead of having two pairs of chromosomes, there are three pairs. Due to this type of irregularity, normal physical and congenital changes are born in the child. This is called a genetic disorder. The problem of haemophilia can be triggered by a deficiency of Factor VIII or IX. Therefore, it is difficult to have a blood clot when there is a surgery or wound. Because the proteins that cause blood clotting are not produced. A simple test can detect the disorder.  

If the mother is suffering from the problem of haemophilia, then the child may also be at risk of haemophilia. Haemophilia falls under the category of sex-linked disorder. There are no symptoms of haemophilia in women.  They have two X chromosomes. And thus, they have an extra X chromosome which is healthy. Males have only one X chromosome. Therefore, there may be a problem with haemophilia. Patients suffering from haemophilia have a very rare chance of survival if they are hospitalized for covid. Therefore, the patient should test himself regularly. The test can be ordered from the Government list of approved 2 & 8 providers in case you are visiting the UK from another country. This is mandatory. Other citizens can also order the kits. 

Risk factors and treatment

This is a hereditary disease.  If there is a family history then there are far more chances that you too can have it. Therefore a timely test is required to detect the problem. Testing can also help the doctor to understand the course of treatment. Ignoring the symptoms and causes can also increase the risk. So it would be better to discuss with your doctor. The information given is not a substitute for any medical advice. For more information, you should contact your doctor. How to diagnose Hemophilia?  Diagnosis is made by understanding the bleeding condition. A blood test decides the course of treatment. Usually, the treatment begins with blood factors and medicine. It is important to control the damage done to the muscles and joints as soon as possible. If the condition is more serious, the doctor may take the help of the clotting factor.

In general, the doctor may prescribe government-approved drugs like Demosprin or Amenicairaik. Sometimes the victim needs blood. The patient also requires moral and financial support. Family and friends should educate themselves so that they can help the patient in time whenever required. There are a few good haemophiliac clinics and support groups in and around Heathrow, Gatwick, Manchester, Stansted, and Luton.

Remedies

You can reduce the problem of haemophilia by adopting a few changes in your lifestyle. The first and foremost thing you should do is to follow what your doctor says. The doctor will recommend some testing that can help. Gums suffer the most. Visit a dentist every month for a dental checkup.  Don’t get involved in sports or physical activities where there are chances of cuts, bruises or any type of wound. For example, you can jog, walk, or run but you should not play football or baseball.  Intramuscular injections can be dangerous. They can lead to internal bleeding. Therefore try to avoid intramuscular injections as much as possible.  Accidents can be fatal. Save yourself from any accident. Use a seat belt while driving.

Diet is extremely important for a patient suffering from haemophilia. In any condition, there should be no iron deficiency in the body. A blood test can easily detect any nutrient or mineral deficiency. Therefore patients should take an iron-rich diet. This can include fruits and vegetables known for their iron content. For example spinach or pomegranate. They help to increase platelets and you can eat such fruits and vegetables without any restrictions. Along with iron, these foods are also rich in calcium, vitamin c etc. These are all essential nutrients that keep your body healthy and prepared for any trauma. Wheatgrass is an effective remedy to increase platelet count. Wheatgrass is rich in chlorophyll. The molecular structure of chlorophyll is close to that of haemoglobin present in human blood. Wheatgrass increases your platelet count more than before. It shows a very beneficial effect by consuming just half a cup.

In this article, we have tried to tell you the important things related to haemophilia. You should consult your doctor for medication and guidance at any level.