A Cervical Pap smear, also called a Pap test, is a procedure to test for cervical cancer in women. A Pap smear examines cells from your cervix. The lower, narrow end of the uterus is at the top of your vagina. If cervical cancer is detected early with a Pap smear test, it gives you a higher chance of a cure. A Pap smear can also identify changes in the cells of your cervix that can lead to the development of cancer in the future. Many people from third world countries come to the UK for the treatment of cervical cancer. Such patients should know that they will have to go through a 10-day mandatory quarantine. They can have the treatment only after they pass the day 2&8 covid tests. They will also have to take an antigen fit to fly test when they go back. 

What is the need for a Pap smear test?

A Pap smear checks for cervical cancer. The Pap smear test is government approved and usually done in conjunction with a pelvic exam. In women over the age of 30, the Pap test may be combined with a test for human papillomavirus (HPV) – a common sexually transmitted infection that can cause cervical cancer. Is. The doctor may do an HPV test instead of a Pap smear in some cases.

What happens during a Pap smear?

It is done in your doctor’s clinic and takes about 10 to 20 minutes. You will have to spread your legs on a table, and your doctor will insert a metal or plastic instrument (speculum) into your vagina. The doctor will widen the walls of the vagina to inspect the cervix. Your physician will use a swab to collect a sample of cells from your cervix. The doctor will then put them in a small jar of preservative liquid and send them to a lab for review. The Pap smear test doesn’t hurt, but you may feel a slight pinch or slight pressure. The swab used for a pap smear is different from the one used for day 2&8 testing of coronavirus infection during quarantine. Therefore, only an approved expert can take the swap for the Pap smear test. You should not try it at home.

Who needs a Pap smear test?

Keeping in mind the present times, women have a Pap smear test every three years starting from 21 years. There may be an increased risk for cancer or infection in some women. You may need more frequent tests if you are HIV positive or you have a weak immune system from chemotherapy or an organ transplant. If you’re over 30 and haven’t had an abnormal Pap test, ask your doctor once every five years to see if the test is combined with human papillomavirus (HPV) screening. HPV is a virus that causes NAAs and increases the chances of cervical cancer. The HPV types 16 and 18 are the primary cause of cervical cancer. If you have HPV, you may be at more risk of advanced cervical cancer. Older Women over 65 years with a history of average Pap smear results may stop the test later. You should get regular Pap smears based on your age, regardless of your sexual activity status. The HPV virus can remain inactive for years and become active suddenly. More tests will be required by the doctor to prescribe a remedy. 

During pap smear

The Pap smear test takes only a few minutes, and usually, the doctor can do this in his clinic. Your doctor may ask you to move from the waist down. You will lie on your back on the exam table with your knees bent. Your heels rest on the strength of your stirrups. After a Pap smear test, you can ask your doctor about when you can expect your test results. Unlike the antigen fit to fly test where you can get the results in 2 to 3 days, pap smear tests require more time. 

Results of a Pap Smear Test

You are said to have a negative result if it detects only normal cervical cells during your Pap smear test. You will not need further treatment or tests until you are due for your next Pap smear and pelvic exams. If abnormal cells are present during your Pap smear test, you have got a positive result. A positive test does not mean that you have cervical cancer. The meaning of a positive result depends on the type of cells detected in your test. Here are some terms that your doctor may use depending on which treatment you will take.

Terms of a Pap smear test results

Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS): The squamous cells are thin and flat. These grow on the uppermost layer of a healthy cervix. For ASCUS, the Pap smear shows slightly abnormal squamous cells. But the changes do not explicitly suggest that precancerous cells are present. If no high-risk viruses are present, abnormal cells present as a result of the test are not of great concern. If worrying viruses are present, you will need further testing. But, finding a worrying virus doesn’t mean that you cannot enjoy your life. You can still go on a Christmas vacation after passing the antigen fit to fly test. Or you can lead a normal life as you always did. Anyhow, you should be aware of the following terminology. 

Squamous intraepithelial lesion

This term indicates that cells collected from a Pap smear may be indeterminate. If an early lesion is present, it is likely to be many years away from cancer. If the changes are of high grade, there is a higher chance that the lesion may soon develop into cancer. It requires clinical trials.

Atypical glandular cells

These Glandular cells produce mucus and grow inside your cervix and uterus. Abnormal glandular cells may appear slightly abnormal, but whether they are cancerous is not clear.

Squamous cell cancer or adenocarcinoma cells

It means that the cell deposition for a Pap smear test is much abnormal that the pathologist is almost sure that cancer is present.

“Squamous cell cancer” refers to cancer arising in the cells of the flat surface of the vagina or cervix. “Adenocarcinoma” refers to cancer arising in glandular cells. If such cells are present, your doctor will ask for early treatment. If your Pap smears are abnormal, your doctor may perform a colposcopy procedure. It uses a colposcope to examine the tissues of the cervix and vagina.

 

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