Winters are becoming harsher over the years. Along with the harsh winter, coronavirus is another big challenge and the corona services have overwhelmed the system. Scientists are struggling to identify new strains of Coronavirus and its testing. Doctors are struggling to handle the infected crowds. Cold weather affects people in different parts of the world in different ways.  In some parts of the world, there is intense fog and flights had to be cancelled. People who had already taken the mandatory antigen fit to fly test will have to take the test again. But, this is small trouble in front of other big problems that winter brings with itself. Many researchers associate winter with increased rates of stroke and heart attack in adults. Brain stroke is the major problem that leads to higher mortalities as compared to any other ailment. 

What is Brain Stroke?

A brain stroke is a condition in which blood clotting causes a blockage and rupture of a vein in the brain. Brain stroke risk is even higher in winter because the brain does not get enough oxygen. Due to this, the blood circulation slows down, and there is a lack of nutrients in the brain tissue. Due to this, the nerves of the brain start getting damaged. If not treated in time, the patient can be paralyzed and die. There are 2 types of strokes. Ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. Let us discuss and understand the symptoms and causes of both of these strokes. Knowledge can save many lives.

Ischemic Stroke

In ischemic stroke, the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrition to the brain become narrow or blocked. In this situation, blood clots form in the blood vessels, and blood flow stops. The breakdown of atherosclerosis also causes its parts to block the blood vessels. Ischemic strokes are of two types, thrombotic and embolic. When a blood clot develops in the blood vessels that carry blood to the brain and obstruct blood flow, we refer to it as a thrombotic stroke. On the other hand, when a blood clot or other debris builds up in other parts of the body and blocks the blood vessels from reaching the brain by blood, it is called an embolic stroke. 87 per cent of stroke cases are ischemic strokes. People in a mandatory quarantine waiting for their day 2&8 test results who suffer from ischemic stroke require immediate medical attention. 

Transient Ischemic Stroke

Scientists have identified another type of stroke that is although ischemic stroke but has different characteristics.  It is a transient ischemic stroke. It is also called a ministroke or TIA. Blood vessels are temporarily blocked. However, it can also cause symptoms similar to those of ischemic stroke, but these symptoms may return to normal after a few hours. According to the CDC, more than 1/3rd of TIA patients suffer a major stroke within the following year. Due to corona related stress, more people are now facing this type of stroke. Middleaged and elderly people who are planning for an outstation tour this Christmas should know the symptoms. They should consult their doctor before planning the travel as it is equally important as the antigen fit to fly test. 

Hemorrhagic Stroke

When a blood vessel in the brain bursts or bleeds from it is called a hemorrhagic stroke. There are two types of hemorrhagic stroke. These are called intra-cerebral strokes and subarachnoid strokes. Intra-cerebral stroke is the most common type of hemorrhagic stroke. On the other hand, subarachnoid stroke starts bleeding from the tissue present in the brain. According to the American Heart Association, about 12 per cent of stroke cases are hemorrhagic strokes. Multiple levels of testing and scanning are required to understand the cause and the remedy. 

Risk Factors And Symptoms

The risk of stroke can happen to anyone and can affect people at any age. But the risk is higher in patients with diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and patients with stress and depression. There are various symptoms of brain stroke in winter. If you can detect the problem at the early stages, it helps in the early rehabilitation of the patient. Before having a brain stroke, our body feels some changes, which you should not ignore. You can easily detect corona infection with the day 2&8 test kits but it is difficult to detect strokes preemptively if you do not know the symptoms. 

These symptoms of brain stroke include a sudden difference in vision, dizziness, headache problem, trouble speaking and understanding, feeling of a headache, difficulty in walking and vomiting. Especially during the corona pandemic, people should be made aware of these important symptoms. Thus, it can save many lives of people susceptible to stroke. People who are planning to fly and have already taken the antigen fit to fly test should also make themselves aware of these symptoms. It can help them plan out their travel plan in a better way or help them decide to cancel the plan altogether. 

Lifestyle changes to avoid winter brain stroke

By changing your lifestyle you can avoid winter brain strokes. The first and foremost thing you should do is to quit smoking before it is too late. You must be aware of the dangers of smoking. But the most important is that smoking stiffens and narrows the blood vessels. Therefore when there are some obstructions in the vessels they are not elastic enough to let the obstruction pass on. Blood pressure is another important factor that causes a stroke. Smoking increases the BP quickly.

 

Disclaimer: www.medicinesonline.org.uk is a digital publisher and does not offer personal health or medical advice. If you face a medical emergency, call your local emergency services immediately, or visit the nearest emergency room or urgent care centre. Before starting any nutrition, diet, exercise, fitness, medical or wellness program, you should consult your healthcare provider.