Overview

We are still learning about the impact of the Covid-19 disease on underlying health conditions. High blood pressure can cause serious complications, such as heart attack, stroke, heart failure and aneurysm formation. The possible link between high blood pressure and Covid-19 is still under research. Some research suggested that people with high blood pressure are more susceptible to getting Covid-19, have worse symptoms and have a higher risk of death. If you have high blood pressure, it’s always an excellent suggestion to take extra precautions during the Covid-19 pandemic. Especially if you are planning for a long vacation abroad then you should consult your doctor and carry your medicines along.  An antigen fit to fly test might also be required as it is mandatory before you fly.

Risk of high blood pressure

Scientists suggest that having high blood pressure or hypertension increase the chances of severe Covid symptoms leading to a higher case of hospitalisation. Early studies in the US and China documented that 30% to 50% of hospitalised patients have high blood pressure. In contrast, a report from Italy suggested that 70% of hospitalised patients have also suffered from high blood pressure. A possible link between Coronavirus patients with hypertension might be they have a weakened immune system. Govt approved tests have clearly indicated that patients with heart problems, diabetes, blood pressure, etc. are susceptible to severe corona related symptoms and fatality.

A long term health condition and growing age can impact the immune system, which can lower the chances of antibodies to combat the Covid-19 virus. Curing high blood pressure with certain drugs such as ACE inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) can also create severe symptoms in Covid-19 infection. However, it could add more risk to hypertension with a possible heart attack or stroke if you stopped taking those medicines. The American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association suggested patients keep taking medication for high blood pressure even while suffering from Covid-19. Such patients should buy enough medicines if they plan to travel long. They will also require an antigen fit to fly test before boarding a plane. A doctor can recommend the precautions they need to take while travelling.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is the most common reason for the death of Covid-19 patients. It can harm the cardiovascular system. High blood pressure also reduces blood flow to the heart by damaging the arteries. It makes the heart work harder to pump enough oxygen-rich blood toward the body. However, this can lead to a weakened heart. If you are in a mandatory quarantine after flying to the UK and have pneumonia symptoms then you should immediately contact a doctor or a health worker. Your day 2 & 8 test results can tell if you have corona or not. Besides pneumonia, Coronavirus may also damage the heart directly by inflammation of the heart muscle, a process called myocarditis.

If someone has plaque in the arteries, Coronavirus can cause a heart attack by breaking down that plaque. A heart attack can also appear in people with heart disease who have recently suffered an infection with Coronavirus.  If you have pneumonic conditions then you can test yourselves by ordering online a covid test kit from any government approved provider. It takes two or more days for the results to come. Anyhow, if detected early, you can prevent fatal consequences.

How to manage blood pressure during the Covid-19 pandemic?

It can get tough to follow all the health measures for severe health conditions like heart disease and high blood pressure. However, we still need to manage our lifestyle and behaviour during this difficult pandemic situation. Make sure you follow every step of health care protocols to control blood pressure. A healthy lifestyle is a key to controlling such problems. Eat healthy food only. Consider the best eating habits to control blood pressure. Mix your daily meals full of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low-fat foods. Eat those foods at regular intervals to make sure they get properly digested. Control your weight. It’s essential to check your weight regularly to manage the weight limit. Being overweight can increase blood pressure and make you more vulnerable to Coronavirus. So you can reduce your blood pressure by losing some weight.

Alcohol, smoking and stress

Alcohol and smoking are the two major causes of coronary heart diseases. Consumption of alcohol and smoking can affect your blood pressure. Avoiding such things can significantly lower your blood pressure and chances of severe symptoms with Covid-19. Exercise and yoga can help a lot.  Our daily life has changed due to maintaining social distance. We cannot be as active physically and mentally as we could be before the pandemic. However, it is still important to stay active even during isolation. We can do regular home-based exercise or quick yoga to remain refreshed and free from stress. Control the salt intake. Limit your salt intake up to 2,300 milligrams a day.

Apart from this manage your stress. Stress can be induced due to many reasons. It can be financial problems due to frequent lockdowns or anxiety about the test results of an antigen fit to fly test that you take before travelling. Whereas other people who are in quarantine are stressed about the day 2 & 8 results. Some people have become germophobic after the pandemic. Whatever the reason might be, managing stress is essential for a healthy lifestyle.

What must we do?

If we have high blood pressure and catch Coronavirus, we must follow simple steps. Make sure to self-isolate by staying home and limiting contact with other people. You can also consult your health care provider or doctor and get proper guidance. Make sure you have enough medicine at home during the strict lockdown. Monitor symptoms and regularly check your blood pressure. Wash your hand correctly. Disinfect and clean all frequently used surfaces with sanitiser. Most importantly, stay positive!

 

Disclaimer: www.medicinesonline.org.uk is a digital publisher and does not offer personal health or medical advice. If you face a medical emergency, call your local emergency services immediately, or visit the nearest emergency room or urgent care centre. Before starting any nutrition, diet, exercise, fitness, medical or wellness program, you should consult your healthcare provider.